TBP Investigative Report: Activities by Baloch armed groups in the first half of 2023

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In a detailed analysis of the responsibilities claimed by Baloch armed organizations during the first half of 2023, a total of 285 incidents were reported. These incidents have had significant repercussions, with casualties, injuries, property damage, and operational areas being the focal points of the armed groups’ activities.

The Balochistan Liberation Front (BLF) led the way with a staggering 146 attacks on the cost of 29 fighters. These attacks resulted in the loss of 137+ lives among Pakistani security forces from various departments. Additionally, over 57+ injuries and damage to property were inflicted by the BLF. The BLF operated in a total of 50 areas across 10 districts, with a concentrated focus on Kech, Panjgur, and Awaran districts. The BLF was the only organization to claim responsibility for attacks in Gwadar district, a key center for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).

The Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) claimed 118 attacks during the first half of the year. These attacks resulted in the loss of 98+ lives, with 116+ personnel sustaining injuries. Property losses were reported in 80+ attacks. Of note is the BLA’s urban attacks, which were more prevalent compared to other organizations. The BLA operated in 54 areas spanning 17 districts. Their tactics ranged from self-sacrificing attacks to traffic blockades. In June alone, the BLA disrupted coal mine extraction operations twice by blocking the main transport route and setting multiple trucks on fire. The BLA was also responsible for multiple raids in the Bolan and Quetta regions. The organization faced the loss of four fighters during this period, including a female member of the Majeed Brigade who carried out a self-sacrificing attack.

The remaining armed groups, namely Baloch Nationalist Army, United Baloch Army, and Baloch Republican Guards, claimed a total of 21 separate attacks. These incidents resulted in 19+ casualties and 6+ property losses. The groups operated in 10 areas across 8 districts. Most of their attacks were low in intensity. Notably, no fighters were lost from these organizations. Collectively, these groups accounted for approximately 8% of the total attacks during the first half of 2023.

The activities of Baloch armed organizations have had a profound impact on the security situation in Balochistan. The high number of claimed responsibilities, casualties, and property damage indicates the persistent challenges faced by the Pakistani security forces in the region. The diverse tactics employed by these armed groups, ranging from conventional attacks to disruptive measures, further underscore the complexity of the situation. The loss of fighters within these organizations highlights the intense nature of the conflict.

As the year progresses, it remains crucial to closely monitor the evolving strategies and activities of these armed groups to better understand the dynamics at play.


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